Thursday, April 19, 2018

The 2018 Listing of Canadian Space Lobbyists, Advocates, Activists and Groups

There are a lot of space advocates in Canada.
Some of them are affiliated with academic institutions while others are more business focused. Some are wrapped around specific ideas and concepts such as the "open source" development of space missions/ equipment or "working in space" or something else. 
A few are tied to activities such as launching rockets, building satellites, raising money for scientific research, organizing public presentations or something else. 
Below is a representative sampling of some of the more interesting examples in this category.
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The Aerospace Industries Association of Canada (AIAC) - The biggest and most important player in this list. 
A not-for-profit business association and lobby group focused on aerospace policy issues that have a direct impact on aerospace and space companies and jobs in Canada.
AIAC was heavily involved in the November 2012 Aerospace Review (the second volume, titled "Reaching Higher: Canada's Interests and Future in Space" focused almost entirely on the Canadian space industry and has become the default operational manual for current Canadian Space Agency activities). Also of note is the September 2016 AIAC white paper on "The Future of Canada’s Space Sector: An Engine of Innovation For Over Fifty Years." 

AIAC has strong connections with the Consortium for Research and Innovation in Aerospace in Qu├ębec (CRIAQ), the Consortium for Aerospace Research and Innovation in Canada (CARIC), the British Columbia Aviation Council (BCAC), the Ontario Aerospace Council (OAC) and most of the other Canadian industry advocacy groups. Membership lists are available through the annual AIAC guide to Canada's Aerospace Industry. AIAC organizes a variety of events, including the annual Canadian Aerospace Summit, typically held each November in Ottawa, ON.
The Astronomy and Space Exploration Society (ASX) - Engineering and science students often receive their first opportunity to meet industry executives and university academics by participating in campus clubs like this non-profit, student run organization at the University of Toronto. ASX is best known for its annual "Expanding Canada" symposiums held in Toronto every January.

The AstroNut's Kids Space Club - A space focused educational group for elementary school students created in May 2010 by the father/ son team of Ray and Brett Bielecki. The various "missions" of spaceship "Mercury One" and its successor "Mercury Two" have been profiled on CBC, CTV, CITY-TV, A-Channel, the Daily Planet (for the Discovery Channel) and Rogers TV. Best known for its annual "What's Up in Space Camp and STEM Conference," which is targeted to elementary and secondary school students.

The Calgary Space Workers Society - A local, Alberta based advocacy group focused on how "to live and work in space." which rose to prominence 2007 after hosting the "2007 Canadian Space Summit," at the University of Calgary, but maintained a lower profile since then. Still active and operating as a "science club."

The Canadian Association of Rocketry and its listing of affiliated organizations - Who says that Canadian's don't build rockets? Certainly not the members of these self-supporting, non-profit clubs focused around building rockets and promoting the development of amateur rocketry in Canada.

The Canadian Advanced Technology Alliance (CATA Alliance) – The largest hi-tech association in Canada.
Not specifically an aerospace or space focused organization, but knowledgeable on many of the same taxation and innovation issues faced by aerospace.

Originally focused on software and telecommunications, the organization also provides good background material on government programs related to innovation, such as the Federal government Scientific Research and Experimental Development (SR&ED) tax credit and the CATA Innovation Nation National Campaign (designed to boost Canada’s competitiveness and innovation rankings).
The Canadian Aeronautics and Space Institute (CASI) - A nonprofit technical organization for aeronautics, space and remote sensing.
CASI is another of the big players straddling the Canadian landscape, with a storied history built around strong business and international partnerships.

CASI hosts and contributes to a variety of local and international events including the 65th International Astronautics Congress (IAC), which was held in Toronto from September 29th - October 3rd, 2014; the 2016 CASI ASTRO conference, which was held in Ottawa, Ontario from May 17th - 19th, 2016; and the upcoming 2018 CASI ASTRO conference, which will be held in Quebec City, PQ from May 15th - 17th, 2018.
The Canadian Association of Science Centres (CASC) - An organization promoting and encouraging public involvement and funding for Canada's public science centres. CASC includes over forty member institutions and organizes a variety of events through out the year. 

The Canadian Astronomical Society (CASCA) – Academic focused organization founded in 1971 and incorporated in 1983 as a society of astronomers devoted "to the promotion and advancement of knowledge of the universe through research and education."
Academically focused, the CASCA Joint Committee on Space Astronomy advises the Canadian Space Agency (CSA) on matters pertaining to the space astronomy segment of the CSA space science program, including priorities, areas of research, selection mechanisms, funding areas and the extent of funding.
The Canadian Remote Sensing Society (CRSS-SCT) - Focused on Canadian activities relating to geomatics (the discipline of gathering, storing, processing, and delivering geographic information, or spatially referenced information), this scientific association organizes conferences and publishes (in conjuction with CASI) the Canadian Journal of Remote Sensing (CJRS)

The Canadian Satellite Design Challenge - A privately funded, biannual event focused on teams of Canadian university students (undergraduate and graduate) who design and build an operational small-satellite, based on commercially-available, "off-the-shelf" components.
As outlined in the November 30th, 2017 post, "Update on the 2017 Canadian Satellite Design Challenge," while the CSDC is still active, there is quite a bit of overlap between what the CSDC has been doing with university student run teams since 2011 (without large amounts of funding) and the Canadian Cubesat Project, a recent CSA proposal to fund and launch university designed and built cube-sats.
The Canadian Science Policy Centre (CSPC) - Passionate professionals from industry, academia, and science-based governmental departments focused on "building bridges between science, policy and society."
The centre also organizes the annual Canadian Science Policy Conference, a well attended event featuring a variety of knowledgeable academic and government experts.

Until now, the CSPC hasn't really focused on private sector research and development (R&D), which is kinda odd since, as outlined in the recently released Council of Canadian Academies (CCA) report, "Competing in a Global Innovation Economy: The Current State of R&D in Canada," the majority of Canadian based R&D is performed by the private sector. Perhaps that focus will change over the next little while.
The Canadian Space Commerce Association (CSCA) – A registered Canadian not-for-profit industry organization existing "to advance the economic, legal and political environment for space and aerospace focused companies." Organizes meetings for the hobbyist, the academic and (sometimes) the entrepreneur. Recently resigned executive director Michelle Mendes was a member of the ill-fated Space Advisory Board (SAB).

The Canadian Space Society (CSS) – A small, but well respected charity created to promote Canadian space activities. Functions mostly as a "big tent," for those with a general interest in the CSA and space activities. Has organized the annual Canadian Space Summit since 2008.

Engineers Canada - The national organization of the 12 provincial and territorial associations that regulate the profession of engineering in Canada and license the country's more than 260,000 members of the engineering profession. The organization also issues national position statements on key issues relating to the public interest, including infrastructure, labour mobility and regulating the profession.

The Geological Association of Canada - A national geo-science society, publisher and distributor of geo-science books and journals.
The association also holds a variety of conferences, meetings and exhibitions for the discussion of geological problems.
Hacklab.TO - One of a number of small Canadian organizations like the Interaccess Electronic Media Arts Centre, the Kwartzlab Makerspace, the Makerkids non-profit workshop space for kids, Think|Haus, the Site 3 coLaboratoryUnLab and others who focus on the technologies associated with open source additive manufacturing/ 3-D printing. These techniques show great promise for a variety of low cost space manufacturing technologies.

The North York Astronomy Association (NYAA) - This Ontario based club is the organizer of the annual StarFest star party, which is recognized as one of the world's top 10 gatherings of amateur astronomers for the purpose of observing the sky.

The OpenLuna Foundation - A privately funded public outreach program (officially a US based 501(c) 3) to encourage the use of open-source tools and methodologies (open design) for space focused activities.
Once quite active, but has mostly slipped under the radar since 2010. The founding member and project manager/ director of the organization is Paul Graham, who lives in London, Ontario.
The Planetary Society Canada - A subgroup of the larger US based Planetary Society. a non-government, nonprofit organization involved in research and engineering projects related to astronomy, planetary science, exploration, public outreach, and political advocacy, which was founded in 1980 by Carl Sagan, Bruce Murray, and Louis Friedman.
The current CEO is Bill Nye who, as outlined in the March 6th, 2018 Global News post, "Justin Trudeau, Bill Nye talk pipeline politics, Kinder Morgan in post-budget meeting," recently shared the stage with Prime Minister Justin Trudeau to talk science and politics.

Planetary Society global community outreach consultant Kate Howells was also a member of the ill-fated Space Advisory Board (SAB).
The Royal Astronomical Society of Canada (RASC) - 4,800 members, including about 500 "unattached" members from remote parts of Canada and around the world and strong chapters in Vancouver and 28 other centres across the country makes RASC one of Canada's largest space and astronomy advocacy groups.
Since 2009, the organization has purchased the David Dunlap Observatory in Richmond Hill, Ontario and SkyNews; the Canadian Magazine of Astronomy and Stargazing. An underrated and successful gem, mostly hiding in the much larger, Canadian landscape.
The Royal Canadian Institute (RCI) - The oldest scientific society in Canada, founded in Toronto in 1849 by a small group of civil engineers, architects and surveyors led by Sandford Fleming. The current membership is focused around events and lectures promoting scientific advancement.

Science Rendezvous - A "grassroots" not-for-profit organization and public platform to promote science awareness and increase science literacy in Canada. Holds the yearly, spring Science Rendezvous at the University of Toronto, St. George campus.

Space Canada – A not-for-profit organization dedicated to the promotion of solar energy from space.
Organized the 2009 Symposium on Solar Energy from Space and currently promoting the 2018 International Symposium and Workshop on Space Solar Power, which will be held in concert with the National Space Society (NSS) International Space Development Conference (ISDC 2018), being held in Los Angeles, CA from May 23rd - 27th, 2018.
Space Canada president and CEO George Dietrich has a long history of supporting and funding US and Canadian space activists and their activities. 
Students for the Exploration and Development of Space (SEDS) Canadian chapter - Part of an international group of student-run organizations dedicated to promoting public interest in space through the use of unique projects, research programs, and professional development opportunities in the Canadian space industry.
SEDS was founded on 17 September 1980, primarily by Peter Diamandis, Scott Scharfman, Richard Sorkin, Robert D. Richards and Todd B. Hawley.

Other countries with active SEDS groups include the US, the UK and India.
The Toronto International Space Apps Challenge - An annual "hackathon" organized each spring as part of the NASA International Space Apps Challenge.

The Toronto Students for the Advancement of Aerospace (TSAA) - Another of the multitude of inter-university student organization striving to promote the advancement of aerospace through student leadership and hands-on initiatives.

Monday, April 16, 2018

Struggling to Capitalize on R&D, Branch Plants & CDN Space Agency Budget a Little Higher than Expected

         By Chuck Black

The Canadian Space Agency (CSA) has just released early estimates for its next budget. As outlined in the April 16th, 2018 government of Canada post, "2018-19 Departmental Plan for the Canadian Space Agency," at an estimated $349Mln CDN it's a little higher than expected at least when compared to the planned spending for this year.

But that short term "stay of execution" won't last.


Without a major new Canadian focused project, such as the billion dollar RADARSAT Constellation Mission (RCM) to bolster CSA budgets, most science and innovation funding will continue to default to other government organizations like the National Research Council (NRC) and the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council (NSERC) which, oddly enough, also report to Innovation, Science and Economic Development (ISED) Minister Navdeep Bains.

Those organizations, as outlined in the March 1st, 2018 post, "'Patent Boxes,' our Canadian Space Agency and the Lack of Real Innovation in the 2018 Federal Budget," are currently flush with several billion additional dollars, courtesy of the latest Federal budget.

However, as outlined in a report released last week by the Ottawa ON based Council of Canadian Academies (CCA) under the title "Competing in a Global Innovation Economy: The Current State of R&D in Canada," our problem isn't with the science.

According to the report, our country is struggling to capitalize its admittedly strong science sector and turn inventions into commercial products:
  • While Canada remains a leading global contributor to research, and is making important contributions across a wide range of fields, our international standing as a leading performer of research is at risk "due to a sustained slide in private and public R&D investment.

Gross domestic expenditures on R&D (GERD), as a % of gross domestic product (GDP) for Canada as compared to the average of member states in the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) an intergovernmental economic organisation with 35 member countries (including 22 of the 28 European Union member states, Australia, Canada, the UK and the US). As demonstrated by the graph, Canada’s total investment in research and development (including government, business and academic sectors) has been dropping as a percentage of its GDP since 2001. Graph c/o John Sopinski/ Globe and Mail/ The Council of Canadian Academies using data supplied by OECD.

  • Canada is not producing research at levels comparable to other leading countries on most enabling and strategic technologies and the research is "comparatively less specialized and less esteemed in the core fields of the natural sciences and engineering."
  • Canadian industrial R&D spending is declining and concentrated in industries that are intrinsically less R&D intensive. Despite poor overall performance, Canada has pockets of R&D strength across several industries.
  • The barriers between innovation and wealth creation in Canada are more significant than those between R&D and innovation. The result is a deficit of technology start-ups growing to scale in Canada, and a loss of economic benefits.
  • Data limitations continue to constrain the assessment of R&D activity and excellence in Canada, particularly in industrial R&D and in the social sciences, arts, and humanities.
As outlined in the April 10th, 2018 Globe and Mail post, "Canada struggling to capitalize on research and development sector," Canada’s current innovation efforts "may not amount to even that much, as other countries surge forward with investments that leverage science and technology and reap the economic rewards."

The article quoted Max Blouw, a former president of Wilfrid Laurier University, who chaired the panel that produced the report, as stating that, "We’re now at a stage where we’d almost have to double our investments in order to catch up to the leaders.”


Of course, there are those like serial entrepreneur Tony Lacavera, who feels that real solutions lie outside the realm of simple spending.

According to Lacavera, at least some of our problems have to do with being too deferential, our oligarchical business structure and our need to subscribe to a "branch plant mentality" where we think that attracting giant foreign firms like Amazon and Boeing (and NASA) is better than developing our own expertise or taking on the mantle of leadership ourselves.

Surely the CSA is also riddled with this perception.

As outlined most recently by career public servant Graham Gibbs (who spent his final seven years in public service as Canada’s counselor for US space affairs in Washington DC) & retired CSA president," W. M. ("Mac") Evans in the June 4th, 2017 post on "A History of the Canadian Space Program - Policies & Lessons Learned Coping with Modest Budgets," the Canadian space program:
... because it is and always has been a modestly budgeted program, has learned that leveraging international cooperation is a necessity, not a luxury...
That sort of sounds like our space agency is happy enough seeking out opportunities to build components for NASA and European Space Agency (ESA) missions.

That could also be why the CSA, as outlined in the March 22nd, 2018 post, "What Happens After the Failure of the Space Advisory Board?," will most likely end up primarily as a subcontractor for future US space exploration efforts.


But it could also be why, as outlined in the February 28th, 2018 post, "'Big Winners' in Tuesday's Federal Budget," $100Mln CDN was allocated in the 2018 Federal budget for "low Earth orbiting (LEO) satellites intended to bring internet services to rural parts of the country." but wasn't allocated through the CSA.

Maybe we shouldn't give the the CSA (or any other ISED managed program, for that matter) any more money until they figure out that we don't need to become simply a branch plant for foreign concerns, figure out how to commercialize our IP and learn how to scale our admittedly innovative start-ups.

We could even an build an entirely original space program. Something unique and designed to address Canadian requirements such as communications over large distances or taking inventory of our assets in the far north.

You know, like Telesat did back in the 1970's and is currently doing today to access the latest $100Mln CDN allocated for funding LEO satellite constellations and what others did in the 1980s -90s with RADARSAT 1 and 2 programs.

Those projects were complete systems, not just components, which were built by Canadians to solve Canadian problems.

We could do that again. What a concept. If the idea was a good one, we could even fund it through the space agency.
Chuck Black.
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Chuck Black is the editor of the Commercial Space blog.

SABRE Surges Ahead With New Investments from Boeing, Rolls Royce & BAE Systems

          By Brian Orlotti

Oxfordshire, UK based Reaction Engines Limited (REL) has announced that it has raised £26.5 million GBP ($48Mln CDN) from three of the most powerful and influential firms in aerospace to support its development of the synergistic air-breathing rocket engine (SABRE), a revolutionary new type of engine combining jet and rocket technologies. The move bodes well for the burgeoning space industry and the opening of the space frontier.


As outlined in the April 12th, 2018 REL press release, "Reaction Engines secures £26.5m investment from new industrial and financial investors," the new investors include:
  • Manchester, Lancashire based Rolls-Royce, the legendary UK based aerospace manufacturer.
  • Farnborough, UK based BAE Systems, the defence, aerospace and security giant, which had previously invested £20.6Mln GBP ($37Mln CDN) in REL in 2015.
These new investments bring the total capital raised by REL in the last three years to over £100Mln GBP ($180Mln CDN), including UK government funding. This capital will move the SABRE development program forward, with the objective of ground-testing a SABRE engine in 2020.

REL is currently building a new facility in Westcott, Buckinghamshire, UK for this purpose.


In 2011, REL had secured $350Mln USD ($446.5Mln CDN) from the UK government for SABRE. In July of 2013, the UK government pledged an additional £60 million GBP ($118.5Mln CDN), enabling a full-scale prototype of SABRE to be built.

By 2015, REL had attracted attention in the US, with the US Air Force Research Laboratory (AFRL) at Wright Patterson Air Force Base (WPAFB), throwing its support behind SABRE by offering the use of its facilities to support the engine’s development.

Also, in September 2017, REL signed a contract with the US Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) to conduct testing of SABRE’s heat exchanger.

The SABRE is being developed by REL to propel its planned Skylon single-stage-to-orbit space plane at hypersonic speeds (Mach 5.5+ or approximately 6800km per hour) while in Earth's atmosphere, then switch to a purely rocket mode (around Mach 27+ or just over 33,000 km per hour) in order to reach low Earth orbit.

Once in orbit, the craft would deposit its payload of up to 15 tonnes in a 300 km equatorial orbit, then reenter the atmosphere (protected by a ceramic composite skin) and land on a runway. Skylon could also carry up to 11 tonnes of cargo to the International Space Station (ISS).


In addition to its cargo-carrying potential, REL also stresses the SABRE’s advantages for commercial passenger aircraft. In the 2000’s, the EU funded the long-term advanced propulsion concepts and technologies (LAPCAT) I and II studies, which examined the potential for hypersonic aircraft.

The studies showed that hypersonic airliners would be capable of flying from London, UK to Sydney, Australia in 4.6 hours, compared to 22 hours for an Airbus A380.

The key to SABRE's ability to function as both aircraft and rocket ship is a complex heat-exchanger system that allows oxygen to be drawn directly from Earth's atmosphere to oxidize the on-board hydrogen fuel.

The SABRE's heat-exchanger (using methanol as an antifreeze) chills incoming air from more than 1,000C to -150C in less than 1/100th of a second before passing it through a turbo-compressor and into the rocket combustion chamber, where it is then burned with liquid hydrogen.

Maybe someone should give this guy some money. Canadians are also involved with researching the next generation of single stage to orbit (SSTO) space planes. As outlined in the May 30th, 2016 post, "The 'Most Interesting Man in the World' is Building a SSTO Spacecraft in Edmonton," AB based Space Engine Systems (SES), under the leadership of CEO Pradeep Dass, is also working on the project. For his assessment of how the SpaceX Falcon-9 compares with the proposed SES DASS GNX engine, check out the SES web-page on the topic. Graphic c/o Commercial Space Media.

With REL now on secure financial footing, other game-changing firms like Hawthorne, CA based Space Exploration Technologies (SpaceX) are also raising new funds.

Hot off the success of its Falcon Heavy rocket, SpaceX is seeking to raise up to $507Mln USD ($636Mln CDN) in a new funding round, according to documents filed with the US state of Delaware two weeks ago.

As outlined in the April 12th, 2018 Geekwire post, "Elon Musk’s SpaceX aims to raise $500M as it makes progress on its Big F’n Rocket," SpaceX has authorized 3 million shares of stock for this Series I round, valued at $169 USD ($212 CDN) each.

This round could bring SpaceX to a valuation of approximately $23.7Bln USD ($30Bln CDN) if all shares are sold.

With REL’s game-changing technology entering the fray, the space frontier will open faster than ever before.
Brian Orlotti.
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Brian Orlotti is a regular contributor to the Commercial Space blog.

Friday, April 13, 2018

Ukrainian Rockets Like the Cyclone 4M Are Too Dangerous an Investment for Western Interests: Kyiv Post

         By Chuck Black

Many of those responsible for "the building of the spaceport’s launch centre, integration facility, and launch pad," for the proposed Cyclone 4M rocket launch facility on Canada's East coast, are also involved in an ongoing $800Mln US ($1Bln CDN) Ukranian state scandal over misappropriation of State Space Agency of Ukrainian (SSAU) funds and other "continuing scandals" which occurred throughout the "still incomplete" Ukrainian designed Cyclone-4M rocket development project.

Screen shot from the YSDO website. The number of "successful launches" the company tracks includes a variety of land and sea launch Zenit rockets, but doesn't include the Cyclone 4M, which has never flown. The company has been heavily promoting it's proposed Canadian launch facility to potential investors for at least two years and was originally quite open about asking for money up front. As outlined in the September 11th, 2016 post, "Ukranian Based Yuzhnoye Design Office Eyeing a Canadian Spaceport for its Cyclone-4 Rocket," Yuzhnove's then North American business representative John Isella said "we're looking for approximately $150Mln US (just under $200Mln CDN) in cash or kind (to build the rocket port), although we're certainly willing to negotiate for an appropriate facility." Graphic c/o YSDO.

At least that's what most reasonable people would conclude after reading two recent articles on the topic. That's without even mentioning other recent articles on Ukranian efforts to drum up interest in rocket launch facilities for Scotland and now Australia.

The first article, the March 14th, 2018 Ukrainian based Kyiv Post article, "Investors in Ukraine’s space industry face ‘Iron Curtain’" explicitly blamed senior officials at Dnipro, Ukraine based Yuzhmash (the Cyclone 4M builders) and the Yuzhnoye State Design Office (YSDO) which designed the Cyclone 4M, for "continuing scandals," the billion dollars worth of missing space agency funds and the current overall failure of the Ukraine rocket industry.

According to the article, the two state sponsored firms, along with their government patrons, have made it impossible for western based business interests, such as those represented by Hawthorne CA based SpaceX CEO Elon Musk, to even consider independent investments in Ukrainian based rocket technology:
... blame for the failure of the launch of Ukraine’s rocket industry cannot be placed with its rocket designers; given the realities in Ukraine, the two most obvious reasons are continued corruption, along with inflexible regulatory management policy in this formerly “flagship” economic sector.
On the one hand, the continuing scandals at Yuzhmash and YSDO (Yuzhnoye State Design Office), the two largest enterprises in the field in Ukraine, do not enhance investor appetites to fund space industry development. On the other hand, potential investments in Ukraine’s rocket science are unrealistic even for a dreamer such as SpaceX founder Elon Musk, due to the total state monopolization of the field.
Those statements goe a long way towards explaining why Nova Scotia based Maritime Launch Services (MLS), a joint venture of three US based firms planning to open a East Coast based Canadian launch facility, has been so reticent about where they were going to get its funds.

The usual suspects. The team responsible for the building of the proposed MLS spaceport’s launch centre, integration facility, and pad as introduced on December 17th, 2017 at a private MLS promotional event in Halifax, NS. From left to right: MLS CEO Stephen Matier with YSDO Ukraine representatives Maksym Degtiarov, Olexiy Vel'Mogin, Vitalii Baloshov, Anatolii Demchenko, Ruslan Potomkin, Sergii Podolskyi and Yeris Yevhen. YSDO’s head and general director Aleksander Degtyarev (not pictured in this photo) has been called "fully to blame for the failure of the (Cyclone 4M) project" by the Kyiv Post, but remains in charge at YSDO. Photo c/o MLS.

As outlined in the February 6th, 2017 post, "Europe Will Fund the Prometheus Reusable Engine; Canada Pitched Cyclone-4's," MLS spent most of its short life acting as a local agent for Yuzhnoye and YSDO, which seem to have been doing all the heavy lifting on the project and were actively soliciting international backers.

That seems to have changed recently and the second recent post on the topic, the April 11th, 2018 SpaceQ post, "Undisclosed Launch Company Signs Letter of Intent to Use Maritime Launch Services Spaceport," mentions three specific new areas of focus:
  • MLS has "received a letter of intent from an undisclosed launch company to use the spaceport." 
It's not that there is anything wrong with finding a replacement for the incomplete Cyclone 4M originally promised, or with adding a second customer to the mix. But the inability to attach a specific identity to the new tenant suggests a cautious approach to accepting the claim.
The proposed Canadian location. Graphic c/o CBC News.
It's also worth noting that specific rockets have specific, often unique, fuel and servicing requirements. MLS may require two separate launch pads to deal with different rockets. That could easily wind up as an extra expense instead of a benefit. 
  • MLS, through its local contractor, Bedford, NS based Strum Consulting, has "completed all the data collection required for the environmental assessment and has compiled the report, which is currently being submitted to Nova Scotia Environment. Once submitted and accepted by Nova Scotia Environment, the government conducts a 50-day review which includes a 30-day period for public input.”
Not that there is anything wrong with that either. But since required paperwork is still in progress, MLS will have a difficult time making its self imposed start date to begin construction of the launch facility. The November 9, 2017 SpaceQ post, "Maritime Launch Services Targets May 1 to Begin Construction at Nova Scotia Spaceport" will almost certainly turn out to be in error.
  • MLS has also engaged Toronto, ON based Jacob Capital Management Inc. (JCMI), to "lead the team of strategic and financial advisory services associated with MLS’s investor strategy."
All that really means is that the previous fund raising strategy (depending on Yuzhnoye and YSDO to solicit western investors) didn't work and the company is starting over from scratch. 
This lends credence to the Kyiv Post accounts of corruption and mismanagement within the Ukrainian space program, as discussed above.
According to the article, MLS is "making progress with working its Ukrainian suppliers."

As outlined in the March 11th, 2018 The West Australian post, "Ukrainian government wants to send rockets into orbit from WA’s Kimberley" Ukraine's ambassador to Australia, Nikolai Kulinich has pitched a "very realistic" proposal to the Australian government to build a "conmodrome"  outside the Curtin air base in the Kimberley, pitching the idea as an answer to Australia’s "decades-old dream to host its own launch facility." As outlined in the November 16, 2017 post, "More Rocket Shenanigans, Parts Problems at KB Yuzhnoye & Skyrora's Plan for a Scottish/ Ukrainian Spaceport," Scotland land has also been pitched. Only a year ago, as outlined in the March 15th, 2017 Physics.org post, "Canada to get its own spaceport," MLS and it's Ukrainian partners had announced that they had "settled" on building a rocket launching facility just outside of Canso, NS after a long search. Photo c/o Sputnik

At one point, as outlined in the April 28th, 2017 Halifax, NS meeting of the Federal government mandated Space Advisory Board (SAB) Roundtable on Canada's Future in Space, "there was considerable optimism and excitement regarding plans for a spaceport in the Province of Nova Scotia."

Now that MLS has solicited a Canadian firm to fund raise for the spaceport, let's hope those credulous first impressions will soon be replaced with a deeper, skeptical and more fact based assessment.

Canadian investors and governments need to engage in appropriate due diligence before they begin to hand over any large sums of money to this project.
Chuck Black.
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Chuck Black is the editor of the Commercial Space blog.

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